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The pear shaped figure is considered to be the most common shape associated with the female figure. Unlike the Hour glass, Banana or Apple It is usually defined by having narrower shoulders, smaller bust and defined waist, with broader hips, a rounder bum and wider thighs. Famous examples of women who are said to have a pear shaped figure are singer and actress Jennifer Lopez, Beyonce Knowles, Shakira, Kristin Davis and Rihanna.
In order to set out the proportions of my Pear shaped subject I will refer back to my tutorial on How to draw the female body for absolute beginners. and sketch a wire framed figure using the general characteristics of a Pear shaped figure above. Below is a completed example.
If you are sketching your wire framed figure from scratch you will need to follow the instructions below.
Before sketching the wire frame I will first need to draw a center line marked X. From this line I will then add two vertical lines of equal distance to help me set out the approximate hip and shoulder widths. The lines marked A and B in the example below will then give me a reference point for the shoulders and hip proportions.
Putting pencil to paper
Once I have my three verticals lines marked X, A and B I can begin to form my pear shaped figure. Remember, a women with a pear shaped figure has narrower shoulders than her hips, and by picking a point just inside the vertical lines, marked in red for clarity, will give the position for the shoulders at their widest point. As you can see the distance from the centre line is slightly less than those marked for the hips. ( The shoulders are positioned at approximately 1⁄3rd of the way down in the 2 heads section.)
If you are already using a basic stick/wire frame figure as a guide you will need to adjust the shoulder width accordingly by reducing the distance of the cross bar for the shoulders. This will then insure that when drawing the pear shaped figure the hips and thighs will be wider than the shoulders and so make the overall proportions more accurate.
Forming the pear shape. Once the two points for the shoulders and hip widths are in place begin to carefully sketch the outline of the pear shaped figure.
Starting in the 1 heads section draw an oval. This will form the basic outline for the head. Once you have done this you can add the neck.
Draw a curving line from approximately 1⁄4 of the way up the head and gently curve it down and out to the point where you have marked for the shoulders at their widest point. Just outside the edge of your cross bar if you are using the stick figure.
Then add the position of the arms by drawing in two points for the top and bottom of the arm, that is where the arm meets the shoulder and where it meets the body to form the armpit.
From the arm pit, draw a line, as can be seen in the example to the right.
It will need to be from the armpit to the waist which will be somewhere inline with the naval (belly button at the 4 heads mark). Make sure the line is not too curved as this may over exaggerate the pear shape. Using a straighter line will also help to emphasize the hips and give your subject a more rounded pear shaped appearance.
Following on down from the waist begin to gently curve the line out to the outer vertical lines at A and B to form the widest point of the hips and the tops of the thighs, This will also help to create the rounded appearance that is characteristic of the pear shaped figure.
Once this is done begin to curve the line back in and down to the the knee continuing on down the leg.
Women with a Pear shaped figure tend also to have good calves so it doesn't hurt to emphasize them slightly when you draw the lower part of the leg.
Using the same principle sketch the inside of the legs also.
You now have a basic outline and are ready to add the arms, bust, feet and hands and bring your Pear shaped figure to life.