The biography of Titian. (Tiziano Vecelli)

Tiziano Vecelli the greatest Renaissance painter of all time

Titian: 1485-1586: Allegory of Age Governed by Prudence(c 1565–1570)Titian: 1485-1586: Allegory of Age Governed by Prudence(c 1565–1570) is thought to depict Titian, his son Orazio, and a young cousin, Marco Vecellio.

Titian. Side profile.

About the artist.

Titian was born to Lucia and Gregorio di Conte dei vecelliin a small village of Pieve di Cadore in the Dolomite range of the Alps. Although theres much speculation and contradiction to his exact date of birth its thought to be around 1485. His father was superintendent of the castle of Pieve di Cadore and also managed local mines for their owners. He was also a distinguished councillor and soldier.

At ten years old Tiziano's taken to Venice with his brother Francesco to stay with their uncle. While there he began to study under the celebrated artist and mosaicist, Sebastian Zuccato. After 4 to 5 years he then went to study under Gentile Bellini and then Giovanni Bellini an established and well-known artist of the time. While there he befriended several other young artists. Among them were Giovanni Palma da Serinalta, Lorenzo Lotto, Sebastiano Luciani and Giorgio da Castelfranco. All would also evenually become renowned in their own right.

Titian from 1507 onwards.

In 1507 he joined the workshop of Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco (Giorgione) as an assistant. Giorgione was commissioned by the state to execute frescoes on the re-erected Fondaco dei Tedeschi and its believed that fragments of Titian's work still remain. Its while working alongside Giorgione that he would adopt the style that would stay with him in his work. So much so that some of his earlier works may have also been accredited to Giorgione. He stayed for only 3 years as Giorgione died at the very young age of 33 which left Titian to finish some of Giorgione's unfinished work. Giorgione's death and the death of Bellini in 1516 would leave Titian in a league of his own within the Venetian school.

In 1510 Titian received his first important commission. It was to paint frescoes in the Scuola del Santo in Padua, representing three miracles of Saint Anthony. The Miracle of the Newborn Child, The Healing of the Wrathful Son and The Miracle of the Jealous Husband. Following this, he began to win more commissions and establish himself in his own right.

1512 - 1552.

In 1512 Titian returns to Venice, then a year later sets up a workshop. His students included El Greco, Tintoretto, Paris Bordone, Parrasio Micheli, Damiano Mazza and Polidoro Lanzani. He also obtains a broker's patent in the Fondaco dei Tedeschi, the outer facades later painted by him. Termed La Santeria or Sensoria (a privilege much coveted by rising or risen artists), he became superintendent of the government works, being especially charged to complete the paintings left unfinished by Giovanni Bellini in the hall of the great council in the ducal palace. He set up an atelier on the Grand Canal at S. Samuele, the precise site being now unknown.

In 1516- 1518 he painted The Assumption of the Maddona, for the high altar of the church of the Frari. This would become one of his most world-renowned masterpieces. Seen as a marker in Titian's career it would establish him as a more universal artist.  Drawing his inspiration from outside the confines of Venice. (Now in the Venetian Academy). It caused a huge sensation, representing  the most extraordinary piece of colourist execution on a great scale that Italy had yet seen. He continued to establish himself producing many similar works through the following years and continued to establish himself as a master of his art which made his work even more desirable.

Titians marriage to Cecilia.

In 1525 He marries Cecilia of whom littles known, which then makes their first child legitimate. More children were to follow. After the birth of Lavinia which unfortunately  led to the death of his wife during childbirth in 1530, he moved with his three children to the Bin Grande. There he left them and the household in the care of his sister Orsa. Around this time also he became very close to Pietro Aretino. Aretino was Italian author, Poet, Play write and satirist who was influential on contemporary art and politics and invented modern literate pornography.

From 1530 onwards his reputation continued to grow throughout Europe. Federico II Gonzaga a client of Titian's whom he first met in 1523 introduced him to the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. They meet in Bologna, where Charles V would be  crowned that year. Titian also began to change his style and devotes himself more and more to the dramatic style. He starts using related rather than contrasting colour's in juxtaposition. Juxtaposition's the act or an instance of placing two or more things side by side. Using yellows and pale shades instead of the strong blues and reds which he used in his previous work. He continued his series of small Madonnas which he treated amid beautiful landscapes in the manner of genre pictures or poetic pastorals, the Virgin with the Rabbit being the finished type of these pictures.