How to draw a portrait. Female figurative art.
The female face, setting out.
How to draw a portrait in six easy steps.
Sketching the outline.
Once you have finished setting out both the picture you wish to copy and the sheet of paper that you want to reproduce the picture on you can now proceed to step 2. If you have not yet set out the above See here.
You are now ready to begin sketching the outline of your portrait. To do this I usually use a 3B or HB pencil. As with the setting out above it is important that you do not press too hard with your pencil as at this point you are only forming the outline shape of your portrait and you do not want to indent the paper as this will show when you shade in and blend the details later.
Take your time and use your reference points at all times. This is your work and there is no rush. Speed will come with practice. If you are still unsure of exactly where a point comes on your sketch you can either measure it with a ruler making sure that you transfer the measurement from your grid picture to exactly the same place on the grid of the picture you are drawing, or if you have a scanned copy of the image with the grid in place stored on your Pc you can view it in your editing suite to get a closer look at where everything is in relation to the grid on your sketch.
Where to start:
First and foremost find somewhere light to sit while you work, preferably by a window or in a well-lit area. Begin drawing the outline from the top of the page and make sure that you always pay attention to your reference points. It is easier than you think to place, for example, the eyes or noses a square to high or too low, or to the left or right. You need to concentrate at all times. If you start to feel that everything is blurring into one or you are finding it hard to concentrate put your picture down, go away and come back when you are ready to start again. I sometimes take days between sessions depending on my mood. Being tired is also a nightmare when trying to draw as no matter how hard you try or how hard you stare at the picture nothing seems to fit.
Tip 1: Keep a copy of the original picture to hand if you have one as it will prove invaluable as a good reference point as you build up your picture. This is another reason why I always copy my pictures onto my pc.
Once you have finished your outline you are ready to start to bring your picture to life.
At this stage you may be thinking, " that doesn't look anything like the original picture", but you will find that once you start building the picture by adding the hair and eyes your portrait will start to take on a more realistic appearance. You will have probably noticed also that I haven't drawn in all of the hair. Especially the hair that is trailing over her left shoulder down to her breast. I will add this type of detail later as I near the end of the portrait as I find that if you add the detail too early it can
lose its sharpness and become smudged and ends up blurring into the rest of the picture.